03. Yungton Dorje Pal

circa 18th century
Distemper on cloth
27¾ by 16 3/8 in. (70.5 by 41.6 cm)

George P. Bickford Collection, Cleveland
Private Collection, New York

Jeff Watt, Himalayan Art Resources, item no. 23402

Yungton Dorje Pal (b.1284) was one of the principal disciples of Buton Rinchen Drup, (1290-1364), 11th Abbot of Shalu Monastery. Shalu was the first of the major monasteries to be built by noble families of the Tsang dynasty during Tibet's great revival of Buddhism and was an important center of the Sakya tradition.

With a fierce expression and seated on a tiger skin, he holds a kila (dagger) in his upraised right hand and extends a kapala (skullcup) in his left hand towards a wrathful deity. Wearing the orange and red robes of a monk, he also wears the red pandita hat of a scholar. Within a mountainous landscape at the upper left, the wrathful tutelary deity Rakta Yamari stands atop a buffalo. At the right side, within a sphere of blue light, a lama wearing monastic robes and a pandita hat reads from a folio text. At the lower left are three seated monks, and on the right is the wrathful wisdom protector Mahakala 'Gonpo Legden.'

This painting is from a series of thirteen paintings depicting the previous incarnations of the Panchen Lamas, based on set of woodblock prints associated with Nartang monastery. Compare Pal, P., Tibetan Paintings, Chicago, 2000, pl. 93, pp. 157 and 158.